Travel: Rome history of art and power
Its name was respected and terrifying, and its power dominated the entire Europe for centuries.
Rome has an ancient history, an important reputation, and a respectable heritage.
The legend of its birth is singular, because the founders were two twin brothers, Romolo and Remo, who a she-wolf saved miraculously and grew up as its puppies.
They were descendants of a noble family of Troy, coming directly from Aeneas, and Romolo was the first king of the city.
From small country village Rome became the most important cultural and political centre of Mediterranean, and the Latins called it ‘Roma caput Mundi’ –Rome head of the World.
Among its thinker we can list Catullus, Seneca, and Cato the Elder, and the most famous sovereign was Julius Caesar, who transformed Rome from Republic to Empire.
The dissolution of Roman Empire happened with the barbarian invasions and the sack of Rome in 476 AC.
The old power of the city flooded every street, and the biggest example is the Colosseum.
This amphitheatre is located in the centre of the town – the construction began in 72 AD, under the Emperor Vespasian, and it finished in 80 AD under Titus.
The impact seeing this building is incredible – a huge massive construction who erects in the middle of a square with impressive marble arches to surrender it.
The Roman powerful families or the Emperors used this arena to organize gladiators’ games or fights between fighters and wild animals coming fromAfrica.
Inside the atmosphere is an involving scene, and closing our eyes it is possible to hear the clattering of swords and roars of lions.
The Roman Forum is situated near Colosseum, and it was the ancient market of the city.
This plaza has a rectangular shape, and it contains the ruins of important buildings, such as the Temple of Vestaor the Regia, the original residence of the Roman kings.
The space is dusty and earthly, as the ages when tired merchants came here from far away lands to sell their foods, spices and fine cloths, supplying the Emperor warehouses.
After the fall of the Romans, Rome became the capital of a ‘spiritual’ Empire: the centre of Christian religion.
Vatican City is situated in the Eastern zone of Rome, and it has an area of 44 hectares (110 acres).
Despite Rome was the centre of Christianity since the last yeas of Romans, the Holy See was established in 1929 by the Lateran Treaty.
Saint Peter Square is a huge plaza surrounded by arcades composed from two rows of columns, while the famous Basilica of Saint Peter dominates the entire space.
Inside the cathedral it is possible to observe the most important and beautiful art works in all over world, and it is worth to mention the Sistine Chapel, which contains the frescoes by Michelangelo, Botticelli, Perugino, Pinturicchio and others.
The ceiling of the chapel is impressive – Pope Julius II commissioned the work to Michelangelo who painted it between 1508 and 1512.
Important scenes coming from the Bible can be observed in this masterpiece, such as the Creation of Adamo, the Last Judgement, the Creation of Eve, and the Temptation and Expulsion.
The beauty of the ceiling sticks the look of the visitors for hours.
But it is worth to talk about a particular fountain, which increased its fame with ‘La Dolce Vita’, notorious movie directed by Federico Fellini.
The Trevi Fountain is the largest baroque works in the city, and in Roman age it was junction of a city aqueduct.
In the 1629 Pope Urban VIII asked Gian Lorenzo Bernini, famous baroque architect, to renovate the fountain, which was finished in 1762 by Giuseppe Panini.
A legend holds that they who throw coin in the fountain ensured that they come back Rome again, and it is estimated that every year are thrown €3,000 by the tourists.
The city does not contain only artistic beauties, but the effervescence of the citizens involves the most serious and austere tourist.
Rome is a time travel from the ruins of an ancient glory to the splendours of baroque époque, which enriches the visitors culturally and pleasantly.